There have been few metals that have influenced the history of mankind as Tin, specifically Cassiterite, which is deemed the most important of all Tin ore types. The mineral originates in the earth's central reservoirs of molten rock (magma), which solidifies as the molten rock nears the surface of the earth.
Tin is a soft, malleable and nontoxic metal, with the properties to resist corrosion. These combinations of properties make Tin a high consumption material and has many uses in industrial applications. As a result of its versatility, Tin has always been an in demand metal and continues to follow the trend as technological innovations from cell phones to liquid crystal monitor display screens have increased the demand for the metal further over recent years.
However the largest consumption of Tin around the world is in Tin based soldering agents, which are used to join metals together as glue would join paper. The metal is a perfect metallic glue due to its low melting point and its tensile strength when solid. Tin based solder is now the preferred solder type in the electronics sectors, as the metal is lead free and therefore nontoxic. This alone has increased global demand and price per metric ton.