Stages of Mining
Exploring
Identifying and searching possible areas is an expensive and lengthy process. Discovering concentrated land does not guarantee a full scale mining operation as various aspects need consideration before committing to the operation. During exploration, our internal geologists review data, maps and satellite imagery to survey potential areas of land.

Encouraging results allow the study to proceed to the next stage of simple exploratory drilling to obtain samples hidden within the bedrock. Sampling and mineral assessments are performed both internally and externally before continuing towards lager scale drilling and exploration programs.

It is at this precise stage that our engagement initiatives are devised as research on the surrounding community commences and transparency reports are sent to our stakeholders.

Planning
The second stage is the most important stage of model. Research functions determine the overall feasibility of the project, as well as securing governmental approval and committing to all legal obligations.

Escalating the intensity of the exploration stage through increased drilling and metallurgical testing provides a constant stream of data to strengthen the project feasibility. Evaluations into the design and engineers estimation plans enter a preliminary stage, all contributing to the economic assessment for the return on resource.

The final feasibility report is a detailed assessment containing a detailed study of the engineering and economic implications on the style of mining (open mine or underground mine), infrastructure requirements and a specific report on the impact and mitigation of the surrounding area.

The report is reviewed independently and aims to seek feedback from industry professional, stakeholders, governments and community member groups. This consultation exercise contributes to the planning stage and helps the understanding of social and environmental impacts that are integrated into operating, closure and reclamation assignments.

Operations
Construction of mines is a complex structure. A variety of expertise associated with numerous trades utilizes the majority of capital injection and man hours. Building infrastructure, in line with engineering plans, requires a range of expertise such as carpenters, plumbers, electricians, HVG operators, warehouse technicians, safety coordinators, environmental technicians, management, scientists, geologists and accountants. The operation requires a full division of people to ensure the smooth and efficient running of the project.

Closure
Once mining resources have been extracted and exhausted, recovering the landscape to as near its original form, becomes the final phase of the project. The total process of transforming an operating mine to a closed site involves three main phases;
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­» Decommissioning - Disassemble facility, buildings and other infrastructure

­­» Reclamation - Restoring disrupted areas attempting, where possible, to return the landscape to its original state.

­­» Post Closure - Monitoring the reclamation phase and where needed maintenance continues.